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A collection of artifacts from Roman antiquity were compiled by Johannes Smetius in the 17th century, called the Smetius Collection. Beginning in the second half of the 4th century, Roman power decreased and Noviomagus eventually became part of the Frankish kingdom.
It also appeared around this time on the Peutinger Map. In the 8th century Emperor Charlemagne maintained his palatium in Nijmegen in ,  and possibly on at least three more occasions.
During his brief deposition of , the emperor Louis the Pious was sent to Nijmegen by his son Lothar I. Thanks to the Waal river, trade flourished.
In , the city was ceded to the count of Guelders as collateral for a loan. The loan was never repaid, and Nijmegen has been a part of Gelderland ever since.
This did not hamper trade; Nijmegen even became part of the Hanseatic League in The arts also flourished in this period.
Famous medieval painters like the Limbourg brothers were born and educated in Nijmegen. Some of Hieronymus Bosch 's ancestors also came from the city.
During the Dutch Revolt , trade came to a halt and even though Nijmegen became a part of the Republic of United Provinces after its capture from the Spanish in , it remained a border town and had to endure multiple sieges.
In Nijmegen was host to the negotiations between the European powers that aimed to put an end to the constant warfare that had ravaged the continent for years.
The result was the Treaty of Nijmegen that, unfortunately, failed to provide for a lasting peace. In the second half of the 19th century, the fortifications around the city became a major problem.
There were too many inhabitants inside the walls, but the fortifications could not be demolished because Nijmegen was deemed as being of vital importance to the defence of the Netherlands.
When events in the Franco-Prussian war proved that old-fashioned fortifications were no more of use, this policy was changed and the fortifications were dismantled in The old castle had already been demolished in , so that its bricks could be sold.
Through the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, Nijmegen grew steadily. The Waal was bridged in by a rail bridge and in by a car bridge, which was claimed to be Europe's biggest bridge at the time.
In the current Radboud University Nijmegen was founded and in a channel was dug between the Waal and Maas rivers. In , the Netherlands was invaded by Germany with Nijmegen being the first Dutch city to fall into German hands.
On 22 February , Nijmegen was heavily bombed by American planes, causing great damage to the city centre.
It was subsequently claimed by the Allies that the American pilots thought they were bombing the German city of Kleve , while the Germans alleged that it was a planned operation authorised by the Dutch government in exile.
The Dutch organization for investigating wartime atrocities, the NIOD , announced in January that its study [ citation needed ] of the incident confirmed that it was an accident caused by poor communications and chaos in the airspace.
Over people died in the bombardment. During September , the city saw heavy fighting during Operation Market Garden. The objective of the Battle of Nijmegen was mainly to prevent the Germans from destroying the bridges.
The bridge was heavily defended by over German troops on both the north and south sides with close to 20 anti-tank guns and two anti-aircraft guns , supported with artillery.
The Germans' late attempt to blow the road bridge was possibly foiled by a local Dutch resistance hero, Jan van Hoof , who is said to have cut the wires to the bridge.
The Germans made repeated attacks on the bridge using bombs attached to driftwood, midget submarines and later resorted to shelling the bridge with 88mm barrages.
Troops [ clarification needed German or Allied? Troops that couldn't fit onto the bridge were positioned in a bombed-out house slightly upstream of the bridge.
During the shelling, the house was hit, killing six soldiers and wounding one more. The city would later be used as a springboard for Operation Veritable , the invasion across the Rhine River by Allied Troops.
On 23 February , the Nijmegen police department and the Dutch Army stormed the Piersonstraat and Zeigelhof, a squatters housing block in the city centre of Nijmegen.
Using riot vans, three Leopard 1s , three armoured personnel carriers , a helicopter, 1, policemen, and members of the armed forces , they evicted the squatters and demolished the block, while clouding the entire area in teargas and CS gas.
This received enormous backlash in local politics. While the city government wanted the squatters out to build a parking garage, most of the population wanted affordable housing to be built in the area.
As of this date, Nijmegen is still called " Havana on the Waal " among some right-wingers. The city council was largely dominated by left-wing and progressive parties such as Green Party , Democrats 66 , Socialist Party , and Labour.
At times Nijmegen has been the only major city in the Netherlands with a solely left-wing government. Nijmegen celebrated its th year of existence in It is considered the oldest city in the Netherlands.
In gaining this qualification, it has competed with the city of Maastricht. Explore Nijmegen. Vacation Rentals.
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Nijmegen Nijmegen. About Nijmegen. At over years old, Nijmegen has had a pretty full life. Its transition from Roman military camp to modern municipality has not been without growing pains, but today Nijmegen is thriving, largely because of its lively student population and its status as a hub for political activism.
Try to visit during the internationally popular Nijmeegse Vierdaagse four-day walking festival and the epic Zomerfeesten summer party.
Non-Dutch participation continued, with the first Swiss group taking part in In under had taken part,  compared with 1, in In numbers exceeded 2, for the first time, with over 3, in and over 4, in The increase was mainly due to greater civilian participation, civilians outnumbering servicemen in all marches from After a successful trial event in , four—day marches held annually at various locations across the Dutch East Indies between and Organised by the Dutch Indies Athletic Union under the auspices of the NBVLO, these events adhered to the same regulations as the Nijmegen event, with successful participants receiving the same awards, including the Vierdaagse Cross, and the Group Medal.
The Vierdaagse was cancelled after the German invasion , with a local Nijmegen walking club organising an emergency nood in Dutch Four—Days March in August About 1, walkers took part each day, rising to over 2, on the final day, with many participants attending from across the country.
Preparation for the July event included publication of the official rules, which forbade any political display, including uniforms and flags.
In spite of this, the march was banned by the German authorities. A number of small scale four—days walking events did however take place in , including a number of less formal evening walks.
With unauthorised gatherings increasingly restricted, no further events were organised before the end of the war.
Despite Nijmegen suffering considerable war damage , the Vierdaagse recommenced in Nijmegen in with over 4, participants.
The popularity of the Four Days Marches continued to increase, breaking the 10, barrier in The participation in of Prince Claus , husband of Queen Beatrix, helped to boost the event's popularity yet further, with over 20, taking part in and 30, by The number of participants now regularly exceeds 40, Due to this growth, since there has been an upper limit on the number taking part,  with a record 48, registering for the th March in In 6, non-Dutch walkers from 73 countries took part.
Given the hot weather forecast for the following days, the organisers decided to cancel the final three days of the walk, with a special badge awarded to participants instead of the cross.
Error: Oops! An error has occurred. We've sent you an email so you can confirm your subscription. The old pubs around the Grote Markt were very nice, especially 'in den Blaauwe Hand'.
Nibbles was a very nice place to eat, highly recommended. Nijmegen is very easy to get around, everything is within walking distance.
The center is on a hill, which is something people who are less fit should be aware of. Nightlife wasn't great, there's one area filled with only teenagers and one other club we visited was full of people who weren't overly enthusiastic.
Perhaps we didn't find the good spots. Nijmegen is a wonderful old town, impressing buildings, nice cafes and restaurant. There are many shops and you can enjoy shopping in a big city very much.
There are also interesting museums around, espacially the africa museum in berg en dal is worth a visit. Lots of great restaurants and a compact city to walk around in, and not far from the train station.
There are lots of stuff to visit - which I didn't get to do as I was working - which I'll do when I return! Lots of nice scenery, pubs and restaurants.
Nijmegen has some nice concert venues as well. The beautiful late gothich Stevenskerk church is certainly worth a visit.
The whole city centre is compact enough to discover completely on foot. A ten minutes bicycle or car ride away there are some beautiful woody hills and polders for a nice walk.
Small City with all the classical Netherland Shops and sights. Cheese Shop, Coffee Shops, Bakeries and lots of small interior design stores.
We loved that you are out of the city in no time and can enjoy walking along the water and through woods.
It was not touristy at all and we enjoyed it a lot more than Amsterdam. Very relaxing and easy to get around on foot. Our daughter spent a year abroad at the Uni in this town, so we visited a lot during this time.
Fell in love with the town. And still keep returning. Only a 10 minute drive to Germany, easy transport links to places like Dusseldorf and Amsterdam.
Full of history and some amazing looking buildings. And if you planning on visiting the Netherlands just for their 'recreational freedom' then this is the place to go.
Less touristy than Amsterdam but still with the availability that you're after. And if you like vodka I'd recommend visiting Kollektief Kafee Bijstand….
Literally like 30 odd different flavours!! I surprised my fellow travellers with this hotel and it didn't disappoint, we all loved it - it felt very unique.
The welcome we received from Rose was warm and friendly, our rooms were well appointed and really well done. Great breakfast followed our comfortable night and we would all thoroughly recommend this 'Boat Hotel'.
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